The COMBI project aimed at quantifying the multiple non-energy benefits of energy efficiency in the EU-28 area. It gathered existing approaches and evidence from the EU area and developed modelling approaches for impacts on
- emissions (effects on health, ecosystems, crops)
- resources (biotic/abiotic, metals and non-metals)
- social welfare (disposable income, health)
- macro economy (labour market, public finance, GDP) and
- the energy system (grid, supply-side, energy security).
COMBI stands for Calculating and Operationalising the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency in Europe.
The project produced three publications, which are available on the website:
- More than energy savings: quantifying the multiple impact on energy efficiency in Europe
- Measuring multiple impacts of low-carbon energy options in a green economy context
- Widening the perspective: an approach to evaluation the multiple benefits of the 2030 Eu energy efficiency potential